ड़ा.संजय अलंग-छत्तीसगढ़ की जनजातियाँ Tribes और जातियाँ Castes (मानसी पब्लीकेशन,दिल्ली 6. [50] Atal Nagar (Formerly Naya Raipur[51]) is the new planned city that is touted to become the financial hub of the Central Indian region. [40], In Chhattisgarh region, about 22% of net cropped area was under irrigation as compared to 36.5% in Madhya Pradesh in 1998–99, whereas the average national irrigation was about 40%. They lived more than 10 of their 14 years of Vanvas in different places of Chhattisgarh. One of the earliest statues of Vishnu has been excavated from Shunga period site at Malhar. Social and Cultural Facts about Chhattisgarh. Stimulatory allelopathic effects of Ageratum conyzoides L. on soybean. SC & ST taken together constitute 50% of States population. "- Chhattisgarh has an index of 52.02 Out of 100, which is better than states such as Madhya Pradesh, Haryana, Rajasthan, Odisha, Bihar, Assam and Uttar Pradesh.[55]. An official Census 2011 detail of Raigarh, a district of Chhattisgarh has been released by Directorate of Census Operations in Chhattisgarh. Chirimiri is one of the more popular places, known for its natural environment and climate, in Chhattisgarh. The Scheduled Caste (SC) population of Chhattisgarh is 2,418,722 as per 2001 census constituting 11.6 percent of the total population (20,833,803). But it is conspicuous that Chhattisgarh always had a better female-to-male ratio compared with national average. When a very substantial portion of the population is dependent on agriculture, a situation where nearly 80% of a state's area is covered only by one crop, immediate attention to turn them into double crop areas is needed. According to a report by the government of India, at least 34% are Scheduled Tribes, 12% are Scheduled Castes and over 50% belong to the official list of Other Backward Classes. Kerala is the only state in which the population of scheduled caste sections has fallen in India between 2001 and 2011, according to the latest census numbers. In all Hindu form majority religion in 18 out of 18 districts of Chhattisgarh state. The sex-ratio of Durg district is around 988 compared to 991 which is average of Chhattisgarh state. Based on an average growth trend in the irrigated area, about 0.43% additional area is brought under irrigation every year as compared to 1.89% in Madhya Pradesh and 1.0% in the country as a whole. The passenger flow has increased by 58% between 2011 and November 2012.[28]. The Large variation in the yearly rainfall directly affects the production of rice. A communit… 23.8 Millions are Hindus, 490,542 are Christians and 514,998 are Muslim population in Chhattisgarh state. Along with Bhilai, today Raipur, Bilaspur, Korba and Raigarh have become the steel hub of Chhattisgarh. Digest. Tiwari p.163, Tribal Roots of Hinduism by Shiv Kumar Tiwari p.209. The state is full of ancient monuments, rare wildlife, exquisitely carved temples, Buddhist sites, palaces, waterfalls, caves, rock paintings, and hill plateaus. Its literature reflects the regional consciousness and the evolution of an identity distinct from others in Central India. Irrigation is the prime need of the state for its overall development and therefore the state government has given top priority to development of irrigation. Only one-fourth to one-fifth of the sown area was double-cropped. Oudhia, P. (1999) Allelopathic effects of Lantana camara L. on germination of soybean. 2020 India Population: By Religion, State Wise, Density, City Wise, and More details given here. The state hosts many religious sects such as Satnampanth, Kabirpanth, Ramnami Samaj and others. 23.8 Millions are Hindus, 490,542 are Christians and 514,998 are Muslim population in Chhattisgarh state. Population Of India. Eleven national highways passing through the state which are together 3078.40 km in length. [34], The present state of Chhattisgarh was carved out of Madhya Pradesh on 1 November 2000. The upper Mahanadi basin is separated from the upper Narmada basin to the west by the Maikal Hills (part of the Satpuras) and from the plains of Odisha to the east by ranges of hills. Tens of hundreds of Rautt dancers from remote areas participate. Under UDAN regional connectivity plan Jagdalpur airport was briefly connected to Raipur by Air Odisha. Sarnaism is the indigenous religion that is followed by the tribes of this state. Agril. According to the 2021 census, Hindu is most popular religion in Chhattisgarh with *** % of the state population following the same. Among other languages, Odia is widely spoken in the eastern part of the state. Mungeli is the largest district in area with 27,503 sq km and Dhamtari being the smallest district with 2029 sq km. There are as many as 42 tribes that currently inhabit Chhattisgarh and districts of Bastar, Dantewada and Jashpur possess the highest concentration of tribal population. To avoid the stringent caste system, many tribes follow alternative religions and do not believe in deity worshipping. [10] The Gross State Domestic Product (GSDP) of Chhattisgarh is ₹3.63 lakh crore (US$51 billion)[11] and the per capita GSDP ₹102,762 (US$1,400). It is hot and humid because of its proximity to the Tropic of Cancer and its dependence on the monsoons for rains. West Bengal Population by Religion. Das, G.K. and Oudhia, P. (2001). Another view, more popular with experts and historians, is that Chhattisgarh is the corrupted form of Chedisgarh meaning Raj or "Empire of the Chedis". The majority of the population in these areas is not able to take advantage of low-cost airlines due to poor road connectivity and high cost of taxi fares. It is the only tin ore-producing state in India. On the other hand, for states like Delhi and Himachal Pradesh and metropolitan cities like Kolkata, Mumbai and Chennai, teledensity was over 100 percent in 2010 implying that individuals have more than one telephone connection. Chhattisgarhi is spoken and understood by the majority of people in Chhattisgarh. The percentage increase in the population of the scheduled list of tribals during the 2001–2011 decade had been at the rate of 18.23%. Enumeration of key persons was also done by census officials in Raigarh District of Chhattisgarh. Nearly 75% of exports comes from Bhilai and the remaining from Urla, Bhanpuri, and Sirgitti. [45], The state has a potential of 61,000 MW of additional thermal power in terms of availability of coal for more than 100 years and more than 2,500 MW hydel capacity. People belonging to the Gond tribe follow Hinduism and it is believed that they influence other people as well. As of 2010, they are still hounded out of villages on the basis of flimsy accusations by male village sorcerers paid to do so by villagers with personal agendas, such as property and goods acquisition. The performance of SCs is a little better than the corresponding national and state average. This indicates that the good economic performance in recent years has not percolated to this socially deprived group, which is reflected in their poor performance in human development indicators. Oudhia, P. (2002). This may be due to the difficulty in accessing the remote areas in the state. [16] However, most historians disagree with this theory as 36 forts have not been found and identified. One of the remarkable places is Shivrinarayan which is nearby Bilaspur district of Chhattisgarh. [35], The new National Democratic Alliance (NDA) government sent the redrafted Separate Chhattisgarh Bill for the approval of the Madhya Pradesh Assembly, where it was once again unanimously approved and then it was tabled in the Lok Sabha. The forestry department has also started a tea plantation motivated by the Sogara Ashram. Despite different health related schemes and programmes, the health indicators such as the percentage of women with BMI<18.5, Under Five Mortality Rate and underweight children are poor. The reason for this is the extreme poverty in rural areas. [46], The aluminium industry of Chhattisgarh was established by Bharat Aluminium Company Limited, which has a capacity of around 600,000 tonnes each year.[46]. Every year many Chhattisgarhi films are produced by local producers. Lord Rama along with his wife Sita and his younger brother Lakshmana had started his Vanvas (exile) in the Bastar, then known as Dandakarayna. There are small communities of Telugu and Marathi speakers near the borders of Telangana and Maharashtra, respectively.[65][66][67][68]. The State Legislative assembly is composed of 90 members of the Legislative Assembly. Sci. Chhattisgarh was formed on 1 November 2000 by partitioning ten Chhattisgarhi and six Gondi speaking southeastern districts of Madhya Pradesh. [45], The steel industry is one of the biggest heavy industries of Chhattisgarh. The irrigated area available for double cropping is only 87,000 ha in Chhattisgarh plains and 2300 ha in Bastar plateau and northern hills. The Mahanadi is the chief river of the state. These districts have been named Baloda Bazar, Gariaband, Mungeli, Surajpur, Sukma, Kondagaon, Balod, Bemetara and Balrampur in 2012 and Bijapur, Narayanpur in 2007. Traditional crafts include painting, woodcarving, bell metal craft, bamboo ware, and tribal jewellery. Swami Vivekananda Airport in Raipur is its sole airport with scheduled commercial air services. [54] The total population of Chhattisgarh is 2,55,45,198 among which the number of muslims is 5,16,998 which amounts to 2.02%, likewise in Odisha the total population is 4,59,89,232 among which the number of muslims is 9,11,670 which is almost 2.02%. Christianity, Sikhism, and Jains are different religions followed here in small numbers. [76], Tribal groups like Gonds, the Baigas and the Oraons in Chhattisgarh have the Karma dance as part of their culture. Only about 20% of the area is under irrigation; the rest depends on rain. The gender ratio (number of females per 1,000 males) has been steadily declining over 20th century in Chhattisgarh. [7][8] The demand for a separate state was first raised in the 1920s. The laws are in force in eight out of twenty-nine states: Arunachal Pradesh, Odisha, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Gujarat, Himachal Prades h, Jharkhand, and Uttarakhand. Also, very few cash crops are grown in Chhattisgarh, so there is a need to diversify the agriculture produce towards oilseeds and other cash crops. It is the ninth-largest state in India, with an area of 135,192 km2 (52,198 sq mi), with a population of 32.2 million as of 2020. Pandavani is one of the lyrical forms of this theatre. You taste them, then alone will you know. [13], There are several theories as to the origin of the name Chhattisgarh, which in ancient times was known as Dakshina Kosala (South Kosala),[14] The native place of bhagwan Rama as his mother name was Kausalya, daughter of Kaushal Naresh. The farmers have to be made aware of modern technologies suitable to their holdings. Chhattisgarh is one of the states with highest Schedule Tribe population. He also urged people not to look at the issue through the prism of religion or vote-bank. The state bird is the pahari myna, or hill myna. The following are the list of the districts of Chhattisgarh State with major cities : Chhattisgarh's nominal gross state domestic product (GSDP) is estimated at ₹3.26 lakh crore (US$46 billion) in 2018–19, the 17th largest state economy in India. Population, Religion, Caste, Literacy, Sex ratio data of Raipur District as per Census 2011 Hinduism is majority religion in state of Chhattisgarh with 93.25 % followers. Most important question of all is what is the current population of Hindus, Muslim, Sikhs and Christian in state of Chhattisgarh. In Chhattisgarh state, Christinity is followed by 1.92 %, Jainism by 0.24 %, Sikhism by 0.27 % and Buddhism by 0.27 %. Under The NITI Aayog released Health Index report titled, "Healthy States, Progressive India. Current train stations are mostly overcrowded and not maintained well for passengers. But Govt. With the exception of the hilly states of the north-east, Chhattisgarh has one of highest shares of Scheduled Tribe (ST) populations within a state, accounting for about 10 percent of the STs in India. The air infrastructure in Chhattisgarh is small compared to other states. Regarding the population of muslims in Chhattisgarh and Odisha it is to be seen that it is true that muslims constitute a lesser portion of the population in these 2 states which is 2.02% in both the sates. The plains are numerically dominated by castes such as Teli, Satnami and Kurmi; while forest areas are mainly occupied by tribes such as Gond, Halba, Kamar/Bujia and Oraon. The President of India gave his consent to the Madhya Pradesh Reorganisation Act 2000 on 25 August 2000. [35] A demand for separate Chhattisgarh was raised in 1924 by the Raipur Congress unit and also discussed in the Annual Session of the Indian Congress at Tripuri. The eastern end of the Satpura Range and the western edge of the Chota Nagpur Plateau form an east–west belt of hills that divide the Mahanadi River basin from the Indo-Gangetic plain. It came under British rule from 1845 to 1947 as the Chhattisgarh Division of the Central Provinces. You are just one click away from getting complete info about Sindhi Samaj just click on city name in city list of Chhattisgarh. This bill for a separate Chhattisgarh was passed in the Lok Sabha and the Rajya Sabha, paving the way for the creation of a separate state of Chhattisgarh. According to UID, Chhattisgarh population in 2020 is estimated to be 29 million (2.9 Crores). Chandrakar, "Manak Chhattisgarhi Vyakaran", C.K. डाॅ. The Amrit Dhara Waterfall falls from a height of 27 m, and it is approximately 3–4.5 m wide. Chhattisgarh is rich in minerals. [20] Coal is also found in this part of the country. However, a mention of these progressive local customs in no way suggests that the ideology of female subservience does not exist in Chhattisgarh. The districts of Jashpur and Surguja are favourable tea production areas. The tribals are an important part of the state population and mainly inhabit the dense forests of Bastar and other districts of south Chhattisgarh. The growth rates of the said parameters are above the national averages and thus it appears that Chhattisgarh is catching up with other states in this respect. [12], Chhattisgarh is the cleanest state in the category of states with more than 100 urban local bodies (ULB), for the second time, as per the 'Swachh Survekshan 2020' results announced by Union Minister Hardeep Singh Puri at the Swachh Mahotsav being organised by the Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs. India is going to conduct it’s population counting marathon exercise in 2020 and data will be published in 2021. There is also a large Odiapopulation. Chhattisgarh is one of the emerging states with relatively high growth rates of net state domestic product (NSDP) (8.2% vs. 7.1% All India over 2002–2008) and per capita NSDP (6.2% vs. 5.4% All India over 2002–2008). Sadri is spoken in the northeast near Jharkhand. Across states, it has been found that teledensity (telephone density) was below 10 percent in 2010 for Chhattisgarh and Jharkhand, reflecting a lack of access to telephones in these relatively poorer states. Chhattisgarh supports a population of diverse ethnic, social, religious, and linguistic backgrounds. [citation needed] (chhattis—thirty-six, and garh—fort.) There is also a large Odia population. [40], Chhattisgarh has a limited irrigation system, with dams and canals on some rivers. [21] The dense forests are rich in wildlife. Tiwari p.161, Dimensions of Human Cultures in Central India: by Professor S.K. [75], Soowa or Suwa tribal dance in Chhattisgarh is also known as Parrot Dance. 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[ 40 ] chhattisgarh population by religion Chhattisgarh has coverage of mostly two-lane or one-lane roads which provides connectivity major...